Saturday, February 28, 2015

Nannorrhops ritchiana (Mazari palm)

Nannorrhops ritchiana (Mazari palm) is the sole species in the genus Nannorrhops in the palm family Arecaceae. It is native to southwestern Asia, from the southeast of the Arabian Peninsula east through Iran and Afghanistan to Pakistan and northwestern India, growing at altitudes of up to 1600 m.

There are many local names of this plant . Famous local names are Mazri and  Peesh. It is a   dwarf palm.. Under the favorable conditions it can grow up to four meters.

 It is gregarious, usually small tufted palm, from a much branched underground rhizome. It is self grooming, slow growing extremely flexible plant It is a shrub-like clumping palm, with several stems growing from a single base. The strips of tree have long broad flakes with peculiar net like appearance.The stems grow slowly and often tightly together, reaching 1–2 m or more tall. The leaves are long, smooth (unspined) petiole terminating in a rounded fan of 20–30 leaflets, 30–120 cm long, with a distinct glaucous blue-green to grey-green colour..

The flowers are borne in tall, open clusters up to 3 m long at the top of the stems; it is usually dioecious with male and female flowers on separate plants. The fruit is a brown drupe. The individual stems are monocarpic, dying back to the ground after flowering, with the plant continuing growth from basal sprouts.

t is a gregarious, tufted, and shrubby palm, growing naturally in dry tropical regions of Pakistan. It is one of the hardier palms, tolerating winter frosts down to about −12 °C (10 °F) (possibly even −20 °C or −4 °F), though it requires very hot summers for good growth. Mazri is found in the wild while in patches, it is also cultivatedIt is found in various area of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province. 

Mazri palm is mostly found on either side of Suleiman Range with the height ranging from 600-1100 m in sandy soil depressions  It is found in various area of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province and it is distributed in the areas of Orakzia Agency, North and South Waziristan, Kurram, Kohat, Hangu, District Karak, Jhandey (Kalpani, District Mardan), Swat, Totakan, Hazarnao, Anbar, Bannu, D I Khan, etc

Balochistan has the potential for mazri  it is distributed in Baluchistan, in some parts of Makran, Khuzdar & Lasbela, Musakhel, Northern Sibi (Quat-Mundahi Valley), Harnai, Loralai, Sharag, Abdul Khail , Zhob, Sherani and adjacent tribal belt of Suliman Range.

In Punjab, it is distributed in Bhakar, Saraie Alamgir, Qasoor, Gujrat, Kot Addu and Potohar areas. 

The plant of mazri is evergreen and can be harvested anytime of the year.There is no specific mazri harvesting date. Normally it is harvest  in the months of April to August.  

It is also use n medicine. Fruit is used as tonic. The powder of young leaves is given in diarrhea and dysentery . 

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